Creating Accessible Websites and Documents

Northern Kentucky University's electronic and information technology (EIT) must be accessible to all people according to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.  Information on the web should be available to people with disabilities where they can perceive, understand, navigate and interact with the content.

Resources have been identified or developed to assist you in creating accessible Web pages, Excel, Word, PDF and PowerPoint documents.  The information links below are provided by The National Center on Disability and Access to Education (NCDAE), 3 Play Media and Web Accessibility in Mind (WebAIM).   Each organization provides videos and/or step-by-step instructions.  

Captioning Videos:

*Web Content:  Close-Caption ALL Videos

Amara.org is a great, easy to use tool. You can set up a free account. It also integrates well with YouTube.

Alt Text:

*Web Content: Add Alternative Text to Images

Fill in the alternate (alt) text field for EVERY image inserted into your web pages. Alternate text is a short description of the scene within the image. Avoid phrases like "logo," "image of," "photo." It should include any text that is part of the graphic. The alt text is read out loud by a screen reader and shows up if images have been disabled in a browser. For further explanation on how to write effective alt text, see WebAIMS's article on Alternative Text or eHow's How to Write Good Alt Text for the Images on Your Web Page.

*Web Content: Provide a Longer Text Alternative for Infographics

For images that are "information-dense" (such as diagrams and flowcharts), we recommend using HTML to render the information instead of using the image file. However, if that is not possible, you will still have to provide a text alternative. We recommend that this description resides on the same page, with a link before the infographic to the text alternative (e.g., "text alternative for web accessibility infographic"). Before the text alternative, include a heading for it, such as "Text Alternative." (If the text alternative is on the same page, then the link will be a jump link; otherwise, it will link out to the page on which the text alternative resides.)

Accessible Font:

Atomic Learning How-To Videos (log in with your NKU user information):

Other Accessibility Topics:

*Web Content: Use Descriptive Link Labels

Never use the phrase, "Click here." Instead try, "Visit NKU's Office of Admissions."

If you are linking to a file instead of a web page, add the file type and size at the end of the link (e.g., Health Insurance Application Form (PDF 102KB)).

Testing Your Website for Accessibility:

WAVE Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool
WAVE was developed and made available as a free community service by WebAIM. Originally launched in 2001, WAVE has been used to evaluate the accessibility of millions of web pages.

W3C http://validator.w3.org
This service checks HTML documents for conformance to W3C HTML and XHTML recommendations and other HTML standards.