Notice to Appear (NTA)
A Notice to Appear (NTA) is a document instructing an individual to appear before an Immigration Court for removal proceedings. Starting October 1, 2018, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) may issue an NTA on denied applications such as Form I-485 (Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status) and Form I-539 (Application to Extend/Change Nonimmigrant Status), if the applicant no longer is in a period of authorized stay and does not depart the United States. USCIS has indicated it will post updates and information on the Notice to Appear Policy Memorandum page.
Accrual of Unlawful Presence Policy
On August 9, 2018, USCIS implemented a change to the way it counts days of “unlawful presence,” which could subject F, M, and J nonimmigrants to a 3-year or 10-year reentry bar. For more information, see this USCIS News Release or read the Policy Memorandum (PM-602-1060.1). Contact the International Student & Scholar Services immediately if you have violated your F or J status so you can explore your options in a timely manner, and we strongly advise you to discuss your situation with an experienced immigration attorney.
Request for Evidence (RFE) and Notice of Intent to Deny (NOID) Policy
Old Policy: In 2013, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) issued guidance instructing adjudicators to issue Requests for Evidence (RFEs) when evidence submitted at the time of filing an application or petition to USCIS did not establish eligibility for the benefit sought. The guidance also provided that denials should only be issued where there was no possibility the deficiency could be cured by the submission of additional evidence.
New Policy: On July 13, 2018, USCIS announced a new policy that “restores to the [USCIS] adjudicator full discretion to deny applications, petitions, and requests without first issuing an RFE or NOID, when appropriate.” This guidance becomes effective September 11, 2018. Students are strongly urged to carefully review their applications and petitions to USCIS to ensure they have provided complete applications and included all necessary supporting documents.
Travel Ban 3.0
On June 26, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld President Trump’s Proclamation 9645 (“Travel Ban 3.0”), which limits entry to the United States by certain citizens of 7 countries (Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, Somalia, Venezuela, and Yemen). The travel restrictions are country-specific. Chad is no longer part of Travel Ban 3.0. If you have questions regarding how Travel Ban 3.0 may affect you or loved ones that wish to visit the United States, please contact International Student & Scholar Services.